# Resonant (CLC) Charging

Ring Up (C2<<C1)

Ring Down (C2>>C1)

Each of the waveform plots shown below can be clicked on to open up the full size version of the graph in a separate window.

L is the circuit inductance (H) C _{1} is the source capacitance (F)C _{2} is the load capacitance (F) |
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V_{0} is the initial voltage on the C_{1} capacitor (V) |
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_{2} Voltage |
Same as above | |

_{2} Voltage |
Same as above | |

Same as above |

The following graph illustrates the relationship between these last two parameters (Maximum C_{2} Voltage and Energy Transfer Efficiency) and the ratio of capacitances (C_{2 }/ C_{1}).One can see from the graph that maximum energy transfer is obtained when the two capacitances are equal. A second condition of interest is that where the load capacitance is much smaller than the source capacitance. In this case, the maximum load capacitor voltage approaches 2 times the initial voltage on the source capacitor.

A voltage gain of ~2X is therefore possible during the resonant charging. This can be used in many cases to reduce the operating voltage of the front end power system.

Matched Capacitance Resonant Charging (C2=C1)

As noted above, this case allows maximum energy transfer from the source capacitor to the load capacitor. All of the energy from C1 can be transferred to C2. Since the capacitors are equal, this implies that the voltage on C2 will equal the initial voltage on C1 (as shown in the waveforms). The voltage on the source capacitor also reaches zero volts at the same time that the load capacitor reaches its maximum voltage. In real life, resistive losses in the circuit will reduce the maximum possible voltage on C2 somewhat. One can also see that the charging current in this case is a simple half-sinusoid shape.

The viewer should also note that the simulation has assumed that the switch has opened at the end of the half-period (this has been done in all three cases). If this were not done, the energy would merely resonantly transfer back to the source capacitor. In real life, this can be done by several techniques including the addition of a diode to the circuit to only allow energy transfer in the forward direction.

Ring-Up Resonant Charging (C2<<C1)

This is the second case of interest since as noted above, the voltage on the load capacitor can be doubled providing a voltage gain in the system of 2X. In this case, the load capacitor voltage is approximately doubled (~1.8X) as the source capacitor voltage only drops by ~10%.

Ring-Down Resonant Charging (C2>>C1)