Capacitor Lifetime Equations

High voltage capacitor lifetime is generally a very strong function of the operating voltage. In addition, the voltage reversal applied to the capacitor can also influence the lifetime.For plastic film capacitors, the lifetime of a capacitor in terms of N (number of discharges) is generally as follows:

Equation for Plastic Film Capacitor Lifetime

Equation for Plastic Film Capacitor Lifetime

Where:

N = number of discharges to failure

V = application operating voltage

Vb = capacitor breakdown voltage

d = dielectric thickness

= thickness exponent, typically less than 3

Q = circuit quality factor

 

The circuit quality factor is generally related to the voltage reversal as follows:

Equation for Circuit Quality Factor (Q) as a Function of Voltage Reversal

Equation for Circuit Quality Factor (Q) as a Function of Voltage Reversal

 

Where:

Vr = voltage reversal (0 < Vr < 1 so that a voltage reversal of 50% yields a Vr = 0.5)

 

For ceramic dielectric capacitors, the lifetime of a capacitor is generally as follows:

Equation for Ceramic Capacitor Lifetime

Equation for Ceramic Capacitor Lifetime

 


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